The University is a statutory Higher Education Corporation (HEC) established under the Education Reform Act 1988. The University's powers are specified in s124 of that Act. The University title and degree-awarding powers were granted under the Further and Higher Education Act 1992.
As an HEC, the University has "exempt-charity" status, which is covered in more detail the related pages on charitable status.
Detail of the University's constitutional and governance arrangements are available in the Governance Framework page.